Rule 11

11.6       Margins

(c)  On sheets containing drawings, the surface usable shall not exceed 26.2 cm x 17.0 cm. The sheets shall not contain frames around the usable or used surface. The minimum margins shall be as follows:

–  top:  2.5 cm

–  left side: 2.5 cm

–  right side: 1.5 cm

–  bottom: 1 cm.

11.10       Drawings, Formulae, and Tables, in Text Matter

(a)  The request, the description, the claims and the abstract shall not contain drawings.

(b)  The description, the claims and the abstract may contain chemical or mathematical formulae.

(c)  The description and the abstract may contain tables; any claim may contain tables only if the subject matter of the claim makes the use of tables desirable.

(d)  Tables and chemical or mathematical formulae may be placed sideways on the sheet if they cannot be presented satisfactorily in an upright position thereon; sheets on which tables or chemical or mathematical formulae are presented sideways shall be so presented that the tops of the tables or formulae are at the left side of the sheet.

11.11       Words in Drawings

(a)  The drawings shall not contain text matter, except a single word or words, when absolutely indispensable, such as "water," "steam," "open," "closed," "section on AB," and, in the case of electric circuits and block schematic or flow sheet diagrams, a few short catchwords indispensable for understanding.

(b)  Any words used shall be so placed that, if translated, they may be pasted over without interfering with any lines of the drawings.


11.13       Special Requirements for Drawings

(a)  Drawings shall be executed in durable, black, sufficiently dense and dark, uniformly thick and well-defined, lines and strokes without colorings.

(b)  Cross-sections shall be indicated by oblique hatching which should not impede the clear reading of the reference signs and leading lines.

(c)  The scale of the drawings and the distinctness of their graphical execution shall be such that a photographic reproduction with a linear reduction in size to two-thirds would enable all details to be distinguished without difficulty.

(d)  When, in exceptional cases, the scale is given on a drawing, it shall be represented graphically.

(e)  All numbers, letters and reference lines, appearing on the drawings, shall be simple and clear. Brackets, circles or inverted commas shall not be used in association with numbers and letters.

(f)  All lines in the drawings shall, ordinarily, be drawn with the aid of drafting instruments.

(g)  Each element of each figure shall be in proper proportion to each of the other elements in the figure, except where the use of a different proportion is indispensable for the clarity of the figure.

(h)  The height of the numbers and letters shall not be less than 0.32 cm. For the lettering of drawings, the Latin and, where customary, the Greek alphabets shall be used.

(i)  The same sheet of drawings may contain several figures. Where figures on two or more sheets form in effect a single complete figure, the figures on the several sheets shall be so arranged that the complete figure can be assembled without concealing any part of any of the figures appearing on the various sheets.

(j)  The different figures shall be arranged on a sheet or sheets without wasting space, preferably in an upright position, clearly separated from one another. Where the figures are not arranged in an upright position, they shall be presented sideways with the top of the figures at the left side of the sheet.

(k)  The different figures shall be numbered in Arabic numerals consecutively and independently of the numbering of the sheets.

(l)  Reference signs not mentioned in the description shall not appear in the drawings, and vice versa.

(m)  The same features, when denoted by reference signs, shall, throughout the international application, be denoted by the same signs.

(n)  If the drawings contain a large number of reference signs, it is strongly recommended to attach a separate sheet listing all reference signs and the features denoted by them.

Kind Codes
Kind codes include a letter, and in many cases, a number, used to distinguish the kind of patent document (e.g., publication of an application for a utility patent (patent application publication), patent, plant patent application publication, plant patent, or design patent) and the level of publication (e.g., first publication, second publication, or corrected publication).


WIPO ST.16 Kind Codes                     Kind of document                                                                   

A1                                                            Patent Application Publication                       

A2                                                            Patent Application Publication (Republication)             

A9                                                            Patent Application Publication (Corrected Publication)       

B1                                                            Patent                                                                                       

B2                                                            Patent                                       

C1, C2, C3                                              Reexamination Certificate  

E                                                              Reissue Patent

H                                                             Statutory Invention Registration (SIR)

P1                                                            Plant Patent Application Publication

P2                                                            Plant Patent

P3                                                            Plant Patent

P4                                                            Plant Patent Application Publication (Republication)

P9                                                            Plant Patent Application Publication (Corrected Publication)

S                                                              Design Patent​